MCQs on Mars Planet

Here are some interesting facts about planet Mars:

Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun and is often referred to as the Red Planet due to its reddish appearance.

Mars is approximately half the size of Earth, with a diameter of about 6,779 kilometers.

The average temperature on Mars is about -63 degrees Celsius, making it a very cold planet.

Mars has a thin atmosphere made up mostly of carbon dioxide, with a pressure less than 1% of Earth’s atmosphere.

Mars has two small moons, Phobos and Deimos, which are irregularly shaped and heavily cratered.

The largest volcano in the solar system, Olympus Mons, is located on Mars and stands over 21 kilometers high.

Mars has the largest canyon in the solar system, called Valles Marineris, which stretches for over 4,000 kilometers.

Water ice has been found on Mars, both on its poles and beneath its surface, raising the possibility of future human colonization.

Mars has seasons similar to Earth, with each season lasting about six Earth months.

Several spacecraft have been sent to explore Mars, including NASA’s Curiosity and Perseverance rovers, as well as missions from other space agencies such as ESA and ISRO.

1. What is the distance between Mars and the Sun?

Answer: Approximately 227.9 million kilometers.

2. What is the name of the largest volcano on Mars?

Answer: Olympus Mons.

3. What is the name of the largest canyon on Mars?

Answer: Valles Marineris.

4. What is the name of the largest impact crater on Mars?

Answer: Hellas Planitia.

5. What is the average temperature on Mars?

Answer: About -63 degrees Celsius.

6. What is the name of the largest dust storm ever observed on Mars?

Answer: The 2018 global dust storm.

7. What is the name of the rover that landed on Mars in February 2021?

Answer: Perseverance.

8. What gas makes up the majority of the Martian atmosphere?

Answer: Carbon dioxide (about 95%).

9. What is the name of the moon of Mars?

Answer: Phobos and Deimos.

10. What is the name of the spacecraft that made the first successful landing on Mars?

Answer: Viking 1 in 1976.